6 Best Bitcoin Mining Software (That Work) in 2020 ...

[Crosspost]I am Ryan Quinn, candidate for Iowa House District 57 AMA!

EDIT: AMA HAS CONCLUDED. Click HERE to read Ryan Quinns answers on everything from Bitcoins to Term limits to Labor laws and more. VoteDEM hosts a down-ballot Democratic candidate for an AMA every wednesday.
I am Ryan Quinn and I am a Democrat running for The Iowa Legislature in House District 57. I am a software engineer by trade but have always been passionate about politics and have volunteered on campaigns often since first going door to door with my parents canvassing in 1984. I have been a supporter of open source software throughout my career having created the SymphonyOS Linux distribution in 2004. I've worked both for local companies in web development and for global companies having first joined DigitalOcean as one of the first twenty employees and helped in it's growth to nearly 700 people when I left and now working in Developer Relations at MongoDB as a remote employee helping to build community and promote education in tech.
In 2018 I spent most weekends leading up to the election driving the Democratic candidate for this seat as she canvassed across Dubuque County. This year I was concerned as the primary season went by without a Democratic candidate stepping up and in August I reached out to friends with the county party to learn how I could help us win back this seat.
I was told that the party had not been able to find a candidate despite this district having more registered Democrats than Republicans and it having been a Democratic district prior to the current incumbent's two terms. Most candidates for public office spend months making a decision and putting things in motion but I was told that the special nomination convention would be in just two days. Having the passion and ability to seek this office and knowing the alternative would be an uncontested seat I felt compelled to step up. I spoke with my wife and kids and before the end of the week I was the nominee for Iowa House District 57.
Since kicking off my campaign in mid August I have found a great group of volunteers, found support from my friends and co-workers and benefited from the assistance of other local Democratic legislators and the county party. Starting from zero we now have over 200 yard signs out around the county, delivered a direct mail piece to all 3550 Democratic and No Party households voting absentee and placed door hangers at another 2000 homes. Without direct support from the state party or large PACs we created radio and video ads in-house which are now running on five local radio stations and on YouTube and Facebook.
While this race is an uphill battle it is winnable! District 57 includes most of Dubuque County outside the city and consists of rural areas, small towns and suburbs. With factories, farms and tourist attractions the district is a microcosm of Iowa. Registered Democrats outnumber registered Republicans by a couple hundred with a large contingent of No Party voters.
The key issues that are important to me are:
You can learn more about me at:
My Website
On Facebook
On Twitter
And you can help us to flip District 57 and the Iowa House as a whole by donating. Your donation up to $5000 will be matched by The Dubuque County Democratic Party Central Committee!
Donate Here
EDIT: AMA HAS CONCLUDED. Click HERE to read Ryan Quinns answers on everything from Bitcoins to Term limits to Labor laws and more. VoteDEM hosts a down-ballot Democratic candidate for an AMA every wednesday.
submitted by GettingPhysicl to IAmA [link] [comments]

How YFI came out of nowhere to become the fastest coin to reach $1B and the fastest coin to ever get listed on Coinbase

Note: As mentioned to the original 624 Reddit subscribers, there will be $YFI based Exclusive Original Content released here by myself and others from time to time. These kinds of interactive Deep Dives with a Q&A with fellow Investors / Beta Testers right afterwards is a rare thing in Crypto, and will only be found with this level of immediacy, social interaction, permanence, depth, and complexity of analysis and feedback on a platform like Reddit.

A lot of projects have low innovation, just copying something that someone else has already done, but with small tweaks to things like variables in Smart Contracts. A few rare projects have genuine innovation, providing genuine value to investors and users by providing attractive new products that simplify a lot of things in this space.
Even rarer are the Unicorns that not only have innovation, but they have innovation in spades, oozing out of every pore. $YFI is one of these types of Unicorns. The scope of products and rapidity of release of new revolutionary products of this project has been simply unmatched in the short history of Crypto.
Since 2009, the world of crypto has never seen anything like this lightning fast pace of development spanning such a wide scope of products - optimized automated yield farming and lending that relentlessly hunts the best yields, crypto insurance on Smart Contracts, a revolutionary Stablecoin idea that essentially makes a USD altcoin "smart" with built-in yield farming capabilities for the first time, to name a few - all built by a genius Smart Contract Builder who provided the world the first Fair Launch token.
Key to wrapping your head around the advantages that the yEarn Finance ecosystem has over - well, every single other option out there at this time - are the concepts below:

  1. CeFi vs. DeFi
  2. Composability
  3. Smart Contract Stacking
  4. The power of a Talented and Diverse DAO

To discuss these concepts, and to educate beginners, we have to understand what the terms above truly mean. This post doesn't discuss any particular products and their advantages, only the systemic advantages that are available only to $YFI. This project seems to attract the smartest and the highest risk taking of crypto investors, and an important thing in truly understanding all of the risks involved, is that you have to know the terms and concepts first. Even veteran crypto and DeFi users may be thrown for a loop by some of the innovative products and concepts that keep coming out of the YFI Labs.
This project is going through an expansion phase, where the scope of everything and the reach of the various released products is increasing (Insurance, A truly pegged Stablecoin, yETH Version 2, ySwap, yLiquidate, etc, etc..)
You know that there's some motherforker or twenty that is now just avidly waiting for every piece of code that Andre drops onto GitHub, so that they can be among the first to copy it verbatim then claim it as "their own variation" because they changed some variables and titles. Yawn.
From the definitive glossary for the DeFi space - yet another $YFI innovation - I'll list their definitions below. These may not be their final definitions when I finish any V1.1 edits to it, but they're good enough for now, and at least 3 or more YFI Dev Team members have read, reviewed, or edited these definitions. I've also invited my fellow Beta testers to provide comments to my RFC on this subreddit and in the Governance forum (among the documentation volunteers).
Yes, this is how early DeFi investors are in the development and maturation of the DeFi space. Anyone reading this right now is so early into DeFi's evolution that the terms used for this space are literally still being finalized by the community.
I've given a little bit of a sneak peek into how technical documentation is somehow self-organized in a powerful DAO such as this one. In this example, it starts off with a call for help on Twitter to improve our documentation by tracheopteryx. Interested and qualified volunteers show up (or don't) when such a call is made.
Your writers and editors have spent many a moment pondering off into space debating whether this term really means this or that, or if the term was either succinctly described, or fully sufficient. It's a usually thankless and anonymous job, that is critical in providing enough relevant information to its users and investors. [Note: Just like anything you see related to the $YFI project: You can help us improve this documentation - any of it - if you see errors or better ways of describing this information.]
All terms are shamelessly plagiarized from myself and my fellow writeeditors - u/tracheopteryx and Franklin - from the draft definitions in our new DeFi glossary: https://docs.yearn.finance/defi-glossary

1. CeFi vs. DeFi
CeFi - Centralized Finance. In terms of cryptocurrency, CeFi is represented by centralized cryptocurrency exchanges, businesses or organizations with a physical address, and usually with some sort of corporate structure. These CeFi businesses must follow all applicable laws, rules, and regulations in each country, state, or region in which they operate.
DeFi - DeFi, or Decentralized Finance, is at its root a set of Smart Contracts running independently on blockchains such as the Ethereum network. Smart Contracts may or may not interact with other smart contracts and even other blockchains.
The goal of DeFi is to enhance profitability of investors in DeFi through automated smart contracts seeking to maximize yields for invested funds. DeFi is marked by rapid innovative progression and testing of new ideas and concepts.
DeFi often involves high risk investing sometimes involving smart contracts that have not been audited or even thoroughly reviewed (a review is not as comprehensive as an audit, but may be also be included as part of an audit). Due to this and other reasons, DeFi is conventionally considered to be more risky than CeFi or traditional investing.
Comment: DeFi is higher risk, partly because it moves so fast. A lot of yams, hot dogs, and sushi can get lost when you move so fast that you can't even bother to do a thorough audit before releasing code. The cream of the crop projects will all have had multiple audits done by multiple independent auditors. Auditors are expensive. At such an embryonic stage, most projects can't afford to have one audit done let alone 5.
But if you can live with that higher risk intrinsic in DeFi and be willing to be a part of "testing in prod," then financial innovation can truly blossom. And if you let your best and brightest members of your community focus only on doing what they do best, then they don't have to bother to try to grow a business like a Bezos, Musk, or a Zuckerberg. Innovative entrepreneurs in this mold such as Andre, don't have to even try to do this business growth on their own because the DAO sets it up so that they don't have to do this. The DAO both grows the business while supporting and allowing these innovators to simply innovate, instead of trying to get nerds to do backroom deals to gain market share and access to new customers. It turns out that nerds are much more productive when you just let them be a nerd in their labs.

  1. Composability
Composability - The measure of the usability and ability of a product to be used as a building block (or "money lego") in the construction of other products or domains. A protocol that is simple, powerful, and that functions well with other protocols would be considered to have high composability.
Comment: The maturity of the cryptocurrency ecosystem and the evolution of composable building tools in the DeFi space now make new products and concepts available. $YFI would not have been possible only 2 or 3 years ago; the tools and ecosystem simply weren't ready for it yet.
This is why only now are you and many other now hearing about YFI. In 2018, Andre began providing free code reviews to Crypto Briefing. Andre had to learn to walk before he could run, and the composable tools needed to work on embryonic ideas in his head were simply not ready or available then. By reading and reviewing so many Smart Contracts he learned to recognize good code from bad code at what was still a very early stage in Smart Contract development in 2018, only 3 years after ETH's launch in July 2015.

  1. Smart Contract Stacking
Smart Contracts - A digital contract that is programmed in a language that is considered Turing complete, meaning that with enough processing power and time, a properly programmed Smart Contract should be able to use its code base and logical algorithms to perform almost any digital task or process. Ethereum's programming languages, such as Solidity and Vyper, are Turing complete.
Comment: Smart Contracts have actually gotten smarter since ETH launched in July 2015. It's because Smart Contract builders needed to learn Solidity and how it functions and interoperates before they could spread their wings as designers. With more time and experience under their belts, the early SC builders that stuck to it have gotten much better.
In Andre Cronje, we may have been witness to the rise of the next Satoshi or Vitalik of crypto. There is a reason that a couple of days ago, I counted 6 of 41 YF clones - nearly 15% - among the top gainers on the day. Success breeds copycats showing a ton of flattery. A smart contract is so smart, it can be used to be stacked upon other smart contracts such as at Aave or Maker.
True innovation takes time, sacrifice, blood, sweat, and tears. It does not come without cost to those doing the innovating.
There is not a single project in DeFi, CeFi, or even all of cryptocurrency that can claim the breadth and diversity of innovation and product reach that is found in the $YFI ecosystem. As a tech investor and professional nerd who's been involved at Research Labs and around product development and testing since before the year 2000. Prior to that I've ready widely and keenly to keep up with technological changes and assess investment potential in these disruptive changes nearly my whole life.
The amount of innovation shown in this project is breathtaking if you're a Tech or FinTech researcher. It's being released at a ridiculously rapid pace that is simply unmatched in any private or government research lab anywhere, let alone at any CeFi or traditional financial institution one can name. The only comparable levels of innovation shown by this young project is typically only seen during periods of epochal changes such as The Renaissance or times of strife and war, such as World War II.
Unless you've been in the industry and working with coders: I don't think those that haven't been around software development and testing can understand, can truly grasp that no one, no group does this. This isn't normal. This rapid-fire release of truly innovative code and intelligent strategies would have to be comparable to some of the greatest creative periods of human ingenuity and creativity. It's truly on par with periods of brilliance seen by thinkers like Newton, Einstein and Tesla, except with software code and concepts in decentralized finance. When the history of FinTech writes this chapter in its history, $YFI may need its own section or chapter.
Don't forget all of these financial instruments we take for granted all around us, all had a simple start somewhere, whether it was an IOU system of credit, insurance, stocks, bonds, derivatives, futures, options, and so on...they all started off as an idea somewhere that had to get tested sooner or later "in production."
One brilliant aspect of $YFI Smart Contracts is that they're built as a profitable layer atop existing DeFi protocols, extracting further value from base crypto assets and even primary crypto derivatives. $YFI is built atop existing smart contracts to create further value where there was none before, and help maximize gains for long term investors.

  1. The Power of a Talented and Diverse DAO
DAO - Distributed Autonomous Organization. The first DAO was started in 2016. According to Wikipedia's definition, it is an: "organization represented by rules encoded as a computer program that is transparent, controlled by the organization members and not influenced by a central government. A DAO's financial transaction record and program rules are maintained on a blockchain."
When implemented well, a DAO allows for real world experiments in decentralized democratic organization and control, with more freedom of action and less regulatory oversight for DAO controlled projects and products when compared to legacy corporate structures and organizations.
Comment: yEarn Finance has shown us what a properly motivated and sufficiently powerful DAO can do in a short amount of time.
There's many reasons why this project with an already profitable business model is the fastest original project in history to ever reach a $1B marketcap in any market - traditional or crypto - accomplishing this amazing feat in less than two months. There's reasons why this is probably the fastest coin in history to get listed on Coinbase in less than 2 months.
The power of a sufficiently talented and diverse development team and community is stunning in its power, speed, and ability to get things done quickly. There are risks aplenty with parts of this project, but $YFI is now seen as a "safe" place in DeFi, because you know you that as far as yield farming you probably couldn't do it better yourself unless you took a chance on unaudited code with anonymous Devs, or you were doing the trading equivalent of throwing darts blindfolded and somehow won, except that you even more improbably kept doing that over and over and winning.

Summary: There's reasons why YFI has been called the Bitcoin of DeFi and the Berkshire Hathaway Series A of crypto. I've listed some of the reasons above. The confluence of these 4 factors has helped lead to explosive growth for this project.
This isn't financial advice as I'm not a financial pro but make no mistake: as a Crypto OG around crypto since early 2013, who was deeply involved in multiple community projects as an early organizer, and who was a small investor during the DotCom era investing in early giants that went on to be gorillas, I don't say this lightly that the $YFI project is lightning in a bottle and a diamond in the rough.
What $YFI allows, when all is said and done, is the rapid fire implementation of great ideas that have gone through a rapid Darwinian evolution, where only the best ideas are implemented. Thoughts and ideas are powerful things. The valuation of this coin and ecosystem has to, it must take into account that this nascent financial innovation hub and ecosystem actually works and allows the best of these ideas to actually blossom rapidly.
You just don't find too many gems like this.
submitted by CryptoOGkauai to yearn_finance [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
https://kryptocal.com | /kryptocal | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

ADD AN EVENT

If you like an event to be added, click Submit Event, and we will do the rest.
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
General
ASIC Miners Released August 31, 2020
NEM(XEM) Website Updates August 31, 2020
IOTA(MIOTA) IOTA 1.5 Phase 1 August 31, 2020
TRON(TRX) Klever Staking August 31, 2020
Ark(ARK) Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Edgeless(EDG) Network Upgrade August 31, 2020
Stox(STX) Town Hall August 31, 2020
StrongHands(SHND) New Identity, Logo, & GUI August 31, 2020
StakeNet(XSN) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
Dock(DOCK) Danforth Testnet August 31, 2020
Libra Credit(LBA) Ama with CEO August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) ETH/USD Futures Market August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) The DGTX Converter August 31, 2020
IoTeX(IOTX) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
QuarkChain(QKC) Five DeFi Products August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Validator Staking-Mainnet August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Mainnet Update (Kratos) August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Governance August 31, 2020
Kava(KAVA) Kava Testnet 9000 August 31, 2020
Synthetix Network Token(SNX) Pollux Release August 31, 2020
Chiliz(CHZ) Multi-flash Sale August 31, 2020
Azbit(AZ) Weekly AZ Burn August 31, 2020
TrustSwap(SWAP) Testnet Launch August 31, 2020
bZx Protocol(BZRX) Protocol Relaunch August 31, 2020
ARPA Chain(ARPA) Dev Update August 31, 2020
JUST(JST) Yield Farming August 31, 2020
ILCoin(ILC) Retribution Release August 31, 2020
Mcashchain(MCASH) MCASH for MAS holders August 31, 2020
Verasity(VRA) Esports Platform Update August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) Staking Contract August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) SparkPlay Reveal August 31, 2020
PCHAIN(PI) Monthly Burn August 31, 2020
Akropolis(AKRO) Delphi Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Avalanche IOU(AVAX) Avalanche Mainnet August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Globex Farm Expansion August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Staking Program August 31, 2020
Jupiter(JUP) Swap deadline August 31, 2020
Perlin(PERL) Staking Reward August 31, 2020
Perlin(PERL) Snapshot August 31, 2020
Sentivate(SNTVT) Rebrand Rollout August 31, 2020
Feellike(FLL) Staking Algorithm August 31, 2020
Newscrypto(NWC) Expand to Asian Region August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) Testnet MảrgiX Chain August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) DeFi Integration August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) MargiX Chain Testnet August 31, 2020
MANTRA DAO(OM) AMA with Co-founder August 31, 2020
The Sandbox(SAND) AMA w/NanoNews August 31, 2020
MultiVAC(MTV) New Roadmap August 31, 2020
Augur(REP) V2.2 September 1, 2020
Augur(REP) V2.x September 1, 2020
Decentraland(MANA) NEW Platformer Mechanics September 1, 2020
BlackCoin(BLK) HolyTransaction Staking September 1, 2020
Bitcore(BTX) BitCore BTX Algo-switch September 1, 2020
KickCoin(KICK) Token Buyback September 1, 2020
Insolar(xns) Swap Deadline September 1, 2020
VITE(VITE) Mainnet Launch September 1, 2020
Auxilium(AUX) AUX IEO on XT September 1, 2020
Auxilium(AUX) Interest Distribution September 1, 2020
ADAMANT Messenger(ADM) ADAMANT Messenger v2.8.0 September 1, 2020
DEEX(DEEX) DEEX Unleashed September 1, 2020
Zenon(ZNN) QSR Third Snapshot September 1, 2020
Enecuum(ENQ) Token Mainnet Transfer September 1, 2020
AZBI CORE(AZBI) AZBI.DEV Launch September 1, 2020
DarkPay(D4RK) D4RK Second Anniversary September 1, 2020
WazirX(WRX) WazirX New Feature September 1, 2020
 
Exchanges
Factom(FCT) Exchange Listings August 31, 2020
Bitcoin Private(BTCP) ProBit Listing August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) CEX Exchange Listing August 31, 2020
ETHPlus(ETHP) Probit ETH Pair Listing August 31, 2020
Celo(CELO) Coinbase Pro Listing August 31, 2020
Meter Governance(MTRG) MXC Listing August 31, 2020
sLINK(sLINK) BKEX Listing August 31, 2020
Sora(XOR) Graviex Listing September 1, 2020
WaykiChain Governance Coin(WGRT) CoinTiger Listing September 1, 2020
 
Software/Platforms
Pundi X [NEW](NPXS) System Update August 31, 2020
DAPS Token(DAPS) DAPS Web Wallet August 31, 2020
Kingdom Game 4.0(KDG) KDG 2.0 Release August 31, 2020
 
Blockchains
DEEX(DEEX) Deex Blockchain Explorer September 1, 2020
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to kryptocal [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
https://kryptocal.com | /kryptocal | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

ADD AN EVENT

If you like an event to be added, click Submit Event, and we will do the rest.
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
General
ASIC Miners Released August 31, 2020
NEM(XEM) Website Updates August 31, 2020
IOTA(MIOTA) IOTA 1.5 Phase 1 August 31, 2020
TRON(TRX) Klever Staking August 31, 2020
Ark(ARK) Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Edgeless(EDG) Network Upgrade August 31, 2020
Stox(STX) Town Hall August 31, 2020
StrongHands(SHND) New Identity, Logo, & GUI August 31, 2020
StakeNet(XSN) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
Dock(DOCK) Danforth Testnet August 31, 2020
Libra Credit(LBA) Ama with CEO August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) ETH/USD Futures Market August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) The DGTX Converter August 31, 2020
IoTeX(IOTX) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
QuarkChain(QKC) Five DeFi Products August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Validator Staking-Mainnet August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Mainnet Update (Kratos) August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Governance August 31, 2020
Kava(KAVA) Kava Testnet 9000 August 31, 2020
Synthetix Network Token(SNX) Pollux Release August 31, 2020
Chiliz(CHZ) Multi-flash Sale August 31, 2020
Azbit(AZ) Weekly AZ Burn August 31, 2020
TrustSwap(SWAP) Testnet Launch August 31, 2020
bZx Protocol(BZRX) Protocol Relaunch August 31, 2020
ARPA Chain(ARPA) Dev Update August 31, 2020
JUST(JST) Yield Farming August 31, 2020
ILCoin(ILC) Retribution Release August 31, 2020
Mcashchain(MCASH) MCASH for MAS holders August 31, 2020
Verasity(VRA) Esports Platform Update August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) Staking Contract August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) SparkPlay Reveal August 31, 2020
PCHAIN(PI) Monthly Burn August 31, 2020
Akropolis(AKRO) Delphi Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Avalanche IOU(AVAX) Avalanche Mainnet August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Globex Farm Expansion August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Staking Program August 31, 2020
Jupiter(JUP) Swap deadline August 31, 2020
Perlin(PERL) Staking Reward August 31, 2020
Perlin(PERL) Snapshot August 31, 2020
Sentivate(SNTVT) Rebrand Rollout August 31, 2020
Feellike(FLL) Staking Algorithm August 31, 2020
Newscrypto(NWC) Expand to Asian Region August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) Testnet MảrgiX Chain August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) DeFi Integration August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) MargiX Chain Testnet August 31, 2020
MANTRA DAO(OM) AMA with Co-founder August 31, 2020
The Sandbox(SAND) AMA w/NanoNews August 31, 2020
MultiVAC(MTV) New Roadmap August 31, 2020
Augur(REP) V2.2 September 1, 2020
Augur(REP) V2.x September 1, 2020
Decentraland(MANA) NEW Platformer Mechanics September 1, 2020
BlackCoin(BLK) HolyTransaction Staking September 1, 2020
Bitcore(BTX) BitCore BTX Algo-switch September 1, 2020
KickCoin(KICK) Token Buyback September 1, 2020
Insolar(xns) Swap Deadline September 1, 2020
VITE(VITE) Mainnet Launch September 1, 2020
Auxilium(AUX) AUX IEO on XT September 1, 2020
Auxilium(AUX) Interest Distribution September 1, 2020
ADAMANT Messenger(ADM) ADAMANT Messenger v2.8.0 September 1, 2020
DEEX(DEEX) DEEX Unleashed September 1, 2020
Zenon(ZNN) QSR Third Snapshot September 1, 2020
Enecuum(ENQ) Token Mainnet Transfer September 1, 2020
AZBI CORE(AZBI) AZBI.DEV Launch September 1, 2020
DarkPay(D4RK) D4RK Second Anniversary September 1, 2020
WazirX(WRX) WazirX New Feature September 1, 2020
 
Exchanges
Factom(FCT) Exchange Listings August 31, 2020
Bitcoin Private(BTCP) ProBit Listing August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) CEX Exchange Listing August 31, 2020
ETHPlus(ETHP) Probit ETH Pair Listing August 31, 2020
Celo(CELO) Coinbase Pro Listing August 31, 2020
Meter Governance(MTRG) MXC Listing August 31, 2020
sLINK(sLINK) BKEX Listing August 31, 2020
Sora(XOR) Graviex Listing September 1, 2020
WaykiChain Governance Coin(WGRT) CoinTiger Listing September 1, 2020
 
Software/Platforms
Pundi X [NEW](NPXS) System Update August 31, 2020
DAPS Token(DAPS) DAPS Web Wallet August 31, 2020
Kingdom Game 4.0(KDG) KDG 2.0 Release August 31, 2020
 
Blockchains
DEEX(DEEX) Deex Blockchain Explorer September 1, 2020
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
https://kryptocal.com | /kryptocal | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

ADD AN EVENT

If you like an event to be added, click Submit Event, and we will do the rest.
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
General
ICON(ICX) MyID Release August 30, 2020
PIVX(PIVX) AMA August 30, 2020
QuarkChain(QKC) DeFi Campaign (Round 1) August 30, 2020
DEEX(DEEX) Crypto E-Merchant Model August 30, 2020
COTI(COTI) COTI PAY August 30, 2020
General Event(CRYPTO) AMA w/Cryptowid August 30, 2020
LUKSO(LYXe) AMA w/CryptoProfitCoach August 30, 2020
ASIC Miners Released August 31, 2020
NEM(XEM) Website Updates August 31, 2020
IOTA(MIOTA) IOTA 1.5 Phase 1 August 31, 2020
TRON(TRX) Klever Staking August 31, 2020
Ark(ARK) Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Edgeless(EDG) Network Upgrade August 31, 2020
Stox(STX) Town Hall August 31, 2020
StrongHands(SHND) New Identity, Logo, & GUI August 31, 2020
StakeNet(XSN) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
Dock(DOCK) Danforth Testnet August 31, 2020
Libra Credit(LBA) Ama with CEO August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) ETH/USD Futures Market August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) The DGTX Converter August 31, 2020
IoTeX(IOTX) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
QuarkChain(QKC) Five DeFi Products August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Validator Staking-Mainnet August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Mainnet Update (Kratos) August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Governance August 31, 2020
Kava(KAVA) Kava Testnet 9000 August 31, 2020
Synthetix Network Token(SNX) Pollux Release August 31, 2020
Chiliz(CHZ) Multi-flash Sale August 31, 2020
Azbit(AZ) Weekly AZ Burn August 31, 2020
TrustSwap(SWAP) Testnet Launch August 31, 2020
bZx Protocol(BZRX) Protocol Relaunch August 31, 2020
ARPA Chain(ARPA) Dev Update August 31, 2020
JUST(JST) Yield Farming August 31, 2020
ILCoin(ILC) Retribution Release August 31, 2020
Mcashchain(MCASH) MCASH for MAS holders August 31, 2020
Verasity(VRA) Esports Platform Update August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) Staking Contract August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) SparkPlay Reveal August 31, 2020
PCHAIN(PI) Monthly Burn August 31, 2020
Akropolis(AKRO) Delphi Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Avalanche IOU(AVAX) Avalanche Mainnet August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Globex Farm Expansion August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Staking Program August 31, 2020
Jupiter(JUP) Swap deadline August 31, 2020
Perlin(PERL) Staking Reward August 31, 2020
Sentivate(SNTVT) Rebrand Rollout August 31, 2020
Feellike(FLL) Staking Algorithm August 31, 2020
Newscrypto(NWC) Expand to Asian Region August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) Testnet MảrgiX Chain August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) DeFi Integration August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) MargiX Chain Testnet August 31, 2020
The Sandbox(SAND) AMA w/NanoNews August 31, 2020
MultiVAC(MTV) New Roadmap August 31, 2020
 
Exchanges
Kryll(KRL) New Exchange Listing August 30, 2020
Factom(FCT) Exchange Listings August 31, 2020
Bitcoin Private(BTCP) ProBit Listing August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) CEX Exchange Listing August 31, 2020
ETHPlus(ETHP) Probit ETH Pair Listing August 31, 2020
Celo(CELO) Coinbase Pro Listing August 31, 2020
Meter Governance(MTRG) MXC Listing August 31, 2020
sLINK(sLINK) BKEX Listing August 31, 2020
 
Software/Platforms
Pundi X [NEW](NPXS) System Update August 31, 2020
DAPS Token(DAPS) DAPS Web Wallet August 31, 2020
Kingdom Game 4.0(KDG) KDG 2.0 Release August 31, 2020
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to CryptoCurrencies [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
https://kryptocal.com | /kryptocal | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

ADD AN EVENT

If you like an event to be added, click Submit Event, and we will do the rest.
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
General
ICON(ICX) MyID Release August 30, 2020
PIVX(PIVX) AMA August 30, 2020
QuarkChain(QKC) DeFi Campaign (Round 1) August 30, 2020
DEEX(DEEX) Crypto E-Merchant Model August 30, 2020
COTI(COTI) COTI PAY August 30, 2020
General Event(CRYPTO) AMA w/Cryptowid August 30, 2020
LUKSO(LYXe) AMA w/CryptoProfitCoach August 30, 2020
ASIC Miners Released August 31, 2020
NEM(XEM) Website Updates August 31, 2020
IOTA(MIOTA) IOTA 1.5 Phase 1 August 31, 2020
TRON(TRX) Klever Staking August 31, 2020
Ark(ARK) Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Edgeless(EDG) Network Upgrade August 31, 2020
Stox(STX) Town Hall August 31, 2020
StrongHands(SHND) New Identity, Logo, & GUI August 31, 2020
StakeNet(XSN) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
Dock(DOCK) Danforth Testnet August 31, 2020
Libra Credit(LBA) Ama with CEO August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) ETH/USD Futures Market August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) The DGTX Converter August 31, 2020
IoTeX(IOTX) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
QuarkChain(QKC) Five DeFi Products August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Validator Staking-Mainnet August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Mainnet Update (Kratos) August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Governance August 31, 2020
Kava(KAVA) Kava Testnet 9000 August 31, 2020
Synthetix Network Token(SNX) Pollux Release August 31, 2020
Chiliz(CHZ) Multi-flash Sale August 31, 2020
Azbit(AZ) Weekly AZ Burn August 31, 2020
TrustSwap(SWAP) Testnet Launch August 31, 2020
bZx Protocol(BZRX) Protocol Relaunch August 31, 2020
ARPA Chain(ARPA) Dev Update August 31, 2020
JUST(JST) Yield Farming August 31, 2020
ILCoin(ILC) Retribution Release August 31, 2020
Mcashchain(MCASH) MCASH for MAS holders August 31, 2020
Verasity(VRA) Esports Platform Update August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) Staking Contract August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) SparkPlay Reveal August 31, 2020
PCHAIN(PI) Monthly Burn August 31, 2020
Akropolis(AKRO) Delphi Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Avalanche IOU(AVAX) Avalanche Mainnet August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Globex Farm Expansion August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Staking Program August 31, 2020
Jupiter(JUP) Swap deadline August 31, 2020
Perlin(PERL) Staking Reward August 31, 2020
Sentivate(SNTVT) Rebrand Rollout August 31, 2020
Feellike(FLL) Staking Algorithm August 31, 2020
Newscrypto(NWC) Expand to Asian Region August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) Testnet MảrgiX Chain August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) DeFi Integration August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) MargiX Chain Testnet August 31, 2020
The Sandbox(SAND) AMA w/NanoNews August 31, 2020
MultiVAC(MTV) New Roadmap August 31, 2020
 
Exchanges
Kryll(KRL) New Exchange Listing August 30, 2020
Factom(FCT) Exchange Listings August 31, 2020
Bitcoin Private(BTCP) ProBit Listing August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) CEX Exchange Listing August 31, 2020
ETHPlus(ETHP) Probit ETH Pair Listing August 31, 2020
Celo(CELO) Coinbase Pro Listing August 31, 2020
Meter Governance(MTRG) MXC Listing August 31, 2020
sLINK(sLINK) BKEX Listing August 31, 2020
 
Software/Platforms
Pundi X [NEW](NPXS) System Update August 31, 2020
DAPS Token(DAPS) DAPS Web Wallet August 31, 2020
Kingdom Game 4.0(KDG) KDG 2.0 Release August 31, 2020
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
https://kryptocal.com | /kryptocal | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

ADD AN EVENT

If you like an event to be added, click Submit Event, and we will do the rest.
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
General
ICON(ICX) MyID Release August 30, 2020
PIVX(PIVX) AMA August 30, 2020
QuarkChain(QKC) DeFi Campaign (Round 1) August 30, 2020
DEEX(DEEX) Crypto E-Merchant Model August 30, 2020
COTI(COTI) COTI PAY August 30, 2020
General Event(CRYPTO) AMA w/Cryptowid August 30, 2020
LUKSO(LYXe) AMA w/CryptoProfitCoach August 30, 2020
ASIC Miners Released August 31, 2020
NEM(XEM) Website Updates August 31, 2020
IOTA(MIOTA) IOTA 1.5 Phase 1 August 31, 2020
TRON(TRX) Klever Staking August 31, 2020
Ark(ARK) Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Edgeless(EDG) Network Upgrade August 31, 2020
Stox(STX) Town Hall August 31, 2020
StrongHands(SHND) New Identity, Logo, & GUI August 31, 2020
StakeNet(XSN) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
Dock(DOCK) Danforth Testnet August 31, 2020
Libra Credit(LBA) Ama with CEO August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) ETH/USD Futures Market August 31, 2020
Digitex Futures(DGTX) The DGTX Converter August 31, 2020
IoTeX(IOTX) DEX Launch August 31, 2020
QuarkChain(QKC) Five DeFi Products August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Validator Staking-Mainnet August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Mainnet Update (Kratos) August 31, 2020
OneLedger(OLT) Governance August 31, 2020
Kava(KAVA) Kava Testnet 9000 August 31, 2020
Synthetix Network Token(SNX) Pollux Release August 31, 2020
Chiliz(CHZ) Multi-flash Sale August 31, 2020
Azbit(AZ) Weekly AZ Burn August 31, 2020
TrustSwap(SWAP) Testnet Launch August 31, 2020
bZx Protocol(BZRX) Protocol Relaunch August 31, 2020
ARPA Chain(ARPA) Dev Update August 31, 2020
JUST(JST) Yield Farming August 31, 2020
ILCoin(ILC) Retribution Release August 31, 2020
Mcashchain(MCASH) MCASH for MAS holders August 31, 2020
Verasity(VRA) Esports Platform Update August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) Staking Contract August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) SparkPlay Reveal August 31, 2020
PCHAIN(PI) Monthly Burn August 31, 2020
Akropolis(AKRO) Delphi Mainnet Launch August 31, 2020
Avalanche IOU(AVAX) Avalanche Mainnet August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Globex Farm Expansion August 31, 2020
Globex(GEX) Staking Program August 31, 2020
Jupiter(JUP) Swap deadline August 31, 2020
Perlin(PERL) Staking Reward August 31, 2020
Sentivate(SNTVT) Rebrand Rollout August 31, 2020
Feellike(FLL) Staking Algorithm August 31, 2020
Newscrypto(NWC) Expand to Asian Region August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) Testnet MảrgiX Chain August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) DeFi Integration August 31, 2020
MargiX(MGX) MargiX Chain Testnet August 31, 2020
The Sandbox(SAND) AMA w/NanoNews August 31, 2020
MultiVAC(MTV) New Roadmap August 31, 2020
 
Exchanges
Kryll(KRL) New Exchange Listing August 30, 2020
Factom(FCT) Exchange Listings August 31, 2020
Bitcoin Private(BTCP) ProBit Listing August 31, 2020
Sparkpoint(SRK) CEX Exchange Listing August 31, 2020
ETHPlus(ETHP) Probit ETH Pair Listing August 31, 2020
Celo(CELO) Coinbase Pro Listing August 31, 2020
Meter Governance(MTRG) MXC Listing August 31, 2020
sLINK(sLINK) BKEX Listing August 31, 2020
 
Software/Platforms
Pundi X [NEW](NPXS) System Update August 31, 2020
DAPS Token(DAPS) DAPS Web Wallet August 31, 2020
Kingdom Game 4.0(KDG) KDG 2.0 Release August 31, 2020
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to kryptocal [link] [comments]

My saved items

Social justice stuff:

70 papers to support wearing masks
dude who went out dressed as a woman and got harassed
copypasta to refute the "only girls take selfies with the stuff they share"
racism is a mental health issue (tweet image)
abuses by police
why you shoudln't say all lives mattewhat does BLM mean
juxtaposition of police complaining vs police abusing
the iceberg of white supremacy
"microagressions I face as a black woman"
debunk of 13/50
another debunk of 13/50
another debunk of 13/50
examples of male privilege
opinions vs prejudice
all cops are bastards
literally all cops are bastards
response to someone saying that Africa is underdeveloped
list of things for cis people to know, from a trans person
some debunked trans stuff and also some scientific studies
police, racism, and white supremacy
police, racism, and white supremacy
false rape claims
just a funny video about nazis pretending they're not nazis
how old are animals when they are killed for food
crime stats about men
crime stats about men part deaux
On Whiteness: How Race and White Supremacy Affect Discourse Surrounding Masculinity
"life would be easier if I'm white"
discussion on "inspiration porn"
disneyvacation how to make the most of white privilege
"it's better now than it used to be" tweet
rape victim blaming (image)
the point of FWR
the alt right, pitbulls, and race realism
almost trafficked in Austin TX
wage theft infographic
white privilege image
image about women staying safe
“The law, in its majestic equality, forbids rich and poor alike to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal their bread.”
examples of systemic racism
Islamophobic myths debunked
Feminist stuff explained
what SRS is all about
free market capitalism and homelessness

Politics

biden is handsy with everyone, not just women/kids
"Why I'm skeptical about Reade's sexual assault claim against Biden: Ex-prosecutor"
Trump administration profiting off the pandemic
Poorly handling pandemic
lack of meals in schools (tweet image)
crimes of Roger Stone
Trump and Epstein
racist views of trump
GOP's attack on democracy
debunking of certain defenses of Trump (impeachment hearing? idk)
electoral college is stupid and Trump agrees
damage to international relations
"why do liberals think Trump supporters are stupid?"
more racist views of Trump
GOP on immigration (image)
"everything you need to know about American conservatism"
nunes buried evidence on Russian meddling
on hillary's email server
Trump colluding with Russia
GOP - party of "principles"
"why is the left so violent"
Trump doing dictator stuff

Workout stuff:

pullups
quarantine workout template
giant dude doing crazy bodyweight routine
list of every minimalist shoe on the internet
handstands
quarantine workout
some dude's workout routine/weightloss, check back to see if he posted his routine at all
bodyweight fitness workout stuff
something about L-sits and pistol squats
muscle-ups
various ab exercises
stronger by science podcast
common deadlifting mistakes
get cut/abs
reverse crunches
lift weight, eat more protein
bodyweight exercises
gym gif
handstand tutorial
vibram fivefingers sale
bodyweight workout
more bodyweight fitness stuff
proper running form
running/posture
calisthenics
muscle ups on rings
muscle up progression

Programming/tech stuff:

getting the best out of android
create a bootable pendrive
list of free sites to educate yourself
free alternative to photoshop that's not gimp
infosec tools
Python cheat sheet
how to make a reddit bot
another how to make a reddit bot
android development
raspberry pi stuff
make a gif longer than 15 seconds
221 free programming courses
android programming
import praw
IFTTT
"holy grail" of programming resources
bootable usb drives
free CAD and FEA apps
activate god mod for windows 8
android development
cool websites to bookmark
keep your mousing moving when afk
app development
android development
cerberus to recover lost phone
camera recovery
free online programming course (probably expired by now)
python for beginners
good PC programs to have
algorithms everyone should know
modify your browser's fingerprint

Misc:

common chess mistakes
what to say to kids instead of "be careful"
how to tie the strongest knot
M to F sex reassignment surgery gif (NSFW)
Terry Pratchett quote on satire
DIY concrete mantle
hierarchy of discourse
just a funny hamster video
growing potatoes
Michael Scott on hate crimes
tips for buying a used car
how to bowl a strike
AI experts from top universities slam ‘predictive policing’ tools in new statement and warn technology could 'fuel misconceptions and fears that drive mass incarceration'
correlation between gut biome imbalance and other issues
C&H it couldn't be avoided
happy halloween meme
gif of "fuck" from SNL
picture cube
good place to get glasses
the gymnast allergic to everything
psychological life hacks
critical thinking
educational websites image
opening things
diagnosing an engine based on spark plugs
austrian choir of 1982 (shitposting in modmail)
mental exercises to reduce dementia
loaded pretzel bombs
roll a coin across your knuckles
solar micro grid
reverse/parallel park
roadtrip playlist
fun hobbies for under $50
the 100 jokes that shaped modern comedy
catholic/bishop accountability
atheist parent resources
ideas for movies to watch
replace your brake pads for <$40
something about adware
signing up for clinical trials
ordering glasses
getting to yes
that's a peanut
cryptogram solver
copypasta of creepy gifs
bertram russell's "why I am not a christian"
recommended movie about time travel
biblical contradictions
continuum season 3 webisodes
religious arguments
transhumanism for kids
free stuff on the internet
record video and stream it to a remote server
amazon's 100 books to read in your lifetime
critical consensus of historicity of books of the bible
how to get started in dogecoin I think
cool websites to bookmark
learn skills online
55 great books under 200 pages
software to install on a new PC
telescope beginner's advice
cool short story
stories with aliens
scifi ebook to read
create a roth ira
muscle reading
hip new thing called "duolingo" or smth
introduction to transhumanism
how to keep your engine bay clean
hedge fund analyst research writeup
discussion of paranormal
get an SMS if there is an emergency nearby
debunking some YEC stuff
art of public speaking
being confident
interview with Malala
practicing another language
glass/bottle cutter
watch documentaries for free
watch nikelodeon online
pale blue dot
bunch of free textbooks
food allergies facts, myths, and pseudoscience
list of banned books by reading level
mindfuck movies
ebook with random esoteric skills
save money on prescriptions
learn electrical engineering
websites for learning
design lego projects
horror books to check out
sci fi movies to check out
40 awkward questions to ask a christian
good list of subreddits
free ebooks

just wanted to reference for latereddit stuff

https://www.reddit.com/OutOfTheLoop/comments/b1hct4/why_is_everyone_talking_about_the_ootl_mods/
not sure why I saved this but here you go: https://www.reddit.com/videos/comments/ggowxj/on_may_8_2005_one_of_the_greatest_videos_in_the/
mod drama
mfw muting someone
also mfw muting someone
mfw muting someone else
https://www.reddit.com/unpopularopinion/comments/b0hg3u/if_you_got_triggered_over_un8thegr8_youre_a_pussy/
thinking about those beans
some shit trashy mods did
fragile white redditors
I locked a thread to "prevent police from commenting" (aka I'm hilarious)
day of the spread
day of the spread also
summoning bots (saved over a year ago, they're probably all banned now)
n8 mods ihatewhitepeople
april fools 2019
community points
what does it mean to be not the onion
modmail search
angry at the admins
SPS notices the banout
darkjokes fragility boogaloo
top mod of upliftingnews mod-abusing
fortinbraz's bookmarklet thing on karmabots
one click reporting userscript
how to turn off push notifications
a tidbit about the sorting algorithm
threepanelpuns template
imgur info userscript
j0be's poweruser imgur script
shitposting from imgur by j0be
good piece of advice from gaywallet
bookmarklet to unhide everything on your hidden page
funny thing from centuryclubdrama
image about reposts
j0be bookmarklet to delete everything from your userpage
some javascript thing idk
[exchange karma for bitcoin (is this still even a thing?)](https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/zqocl/exchange_your_karma_for_bitcoin_reddit_bitcoin/}
zadoc's HQG tutorial
another javascript thing idk
preggit's well rounded meme
all these saved items, and you had to be salty
mods who distinguish
mat01ss tutorial on giffing
mat01ss tutorial 2
mat01ss tutorial 3
another j0be script
shittywatercolour painted a comment I made
python script idk
centuryclub intro copypasta
reddit API that the1rgood wrote
ruby API thing
user history reddit bot
submitted by N8theGr8 to N8theGr8 [link] [comments]

👉 67 FREE Udemy & Eduonix Courses: Updated Today !!

Source : https://www.facebook.com/groups/FreeCoursesWithCoupon/permalink/704227060417798/
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  7. Public Speaking for Beginners
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  9. 7 Strategies For Content Creation
  10. The Free Passive Income Strategy
  11. List Building Supercharge Class (build your list & monetize)
  12. Crea tu Customer Journey Map Digital
  13. Group Policy Administration (Active Directory) for Helpdesk
  14. Experto en Psicología del Color en Arquitectura y Decoración
  15. React Native i Redux – naucz się frameworka Javascript: 2020
  16. The complete DynamoDB Bootcamp
  17. A Beginner’s Guide To Learn C++ Programming
  18. Complete Angular Course
  19. A Hands On Python 3 Course – Learn From Scratch
  20. Python for Data Science and Data Analysis Masterclass: 2020
  21. Microsoft Windows 10 Pro – Hands on Training
  22. Sıfırdan İleriye IT Uzmanı Olun Windows Server-2020
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  24. Learn CSS – For Beginners
  25. Microsoft SQL Server for Beginners to expert
  26. Azure Cloud for beginners
  27. Living Farm! The Self-Reliance Cash Crop Organic IdeaBank
  28. Power Engineering Arc Flash Fundamentals
  29. Consultor de Marketing y Publicidad
  30. Goal Setting Skills
  31. Adobe Premiere Pro. “Edición Avanzada y Profesional de Vídeo
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  34. On Page SEO Tactics for WordPress Bloggers
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submitted by ViralMedia007 to FREECoursesEveryday [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency Mining Today

Cryptocurrency Mining Today
Mining is one of the key concepts in the crypto world. Everyone who comes into contact with this sphere somehow wonders about the mining of coins. How profitable is mining in 2020, and what are the current trends?
by StealthEX
Crypto mining is a process during which a computer solves mathematical problems, resulting in the release of new blocks of information. This gives its owners a certain amount of coins, which is deposited in the total pot and registered in the public “ledger”, so-called blockchain. Machines in the network are also checking transactions with existing coins, adding this information to the blockchain as well.
As for the issue itself, the most well-known algorithm of mining is Proof-of-Work (PoW), used in the networks of Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum and many others.
During the mining process, the latest transactions are verified and compiled into blocks. It is usually a series of calculations with an iteration of parameters to find a hash with the specified properties. The node which first solves this problem receives a reward. This approach was specifically designed to encourage those who provide the computing power of their mining machines to maintain the network and mine new coins.
It is usually no need for a newcomer to know and understand all the complicated details of the mining process, just how much they can earn with certain equipment and electricity costs.
Everything is designed in such a way that the complexity of calculations is steadily increasing, which then requires a constant increase in the computing power of the network. In 2009-2010, for mining bitcoin, miners only had to download and run the software on their personal computers, but very soon the network became so complicated that even with best PCs with a powerful processor, mining became unprofitable. That’s why miners started to use more effective video cards (graphics processing units or GPUs) and join them in so-called “farms”.
In most systems, the number of coins is determined in advance. Also, many networks are gradually reducing rewards for miners. Such emission restrictions were built into the algorithm to prevent inflation.
Thus, the cost of mining for smaller participants no longer pays off, which makes them turn off their hardware or switch to another coin where they can still make their profit.
In particular, on the evening of May 11, 2020, a halving took place in the bitcoin network, the reward for mining was halved, from 12.5 to 6.25 BTC. In June, the revenue of bitcoin miners decreased by 23%, to the lowest since March 2019.
However, in mid-June, the difficulty of bitcoin mining showed a record growth over the past 2.5 years. Mining the first cryptocurrency has become 15% more difficult. Although, by the beginning of July, the complexity had stabilized. The growing difficulty of mining the first cryptocurrency indicates that new miners have joined its network. Previously, some of them turned off the equipment, as it became less profitable to mine the coin due to a decrease in its cost and halving.
Now the absolute majority of new coins are generated by industrial mining. This is done by large data centers equipped with specialized computers based on the ASIC architecture. ASICs are integrated circuits that were initially optimized for a specific task, namely the mining of cryptocurrencies. They are much more productive than CPUs and video cards, and at the same time consume much less electricity. ASIC computers are the main type of equipment for the industrial production of crypto.
So now, after the halving, BTC coin mining has become even less profitable. For beginners, mining the first cryptocurrency is unlikely to be suitable. It is more often earned by large companies that have all the necessary equipment, access to cheap rental conditions, electricity and maintenance.
Hence newbies are better off starting with mining altcoins. It is even more profitable to work in a pool, that is, together with other miners. This can help to place farms in one place and negotiate a favourable price for electricity, so you can get a small but stable income dux to the total capacity of the pool.
Therefore, it has become much more difficult for regular users who have only non-specialized equipment at their disposal to generate virtual money. However, GPU developers have significantly increased the performance of their devices in recent years, so mining on a video card is still common.
Another important event that changes the situation in the mining sphere will be the hardfork of the Ethereum network with the turn to the Proof-of-Stake algorithm. For now, Ethereum is the most popular altcoin for GPU mining, but Ethereum 2.0 will not require using such powerful equipment, so then it switches to PoS, GPU owners will have to look for alternative coins to mine.
At the moment the most popular altcoins for mining on GPUs are Ethereum (ETH), Ethereum Classic (ETC), Grin (GRIN), Zcoin (XZC), Dogecoin and Ravencoin (RVN). There are actually a lot of mining programs that automatically determine which coin is more profitable to mine at the moment.
In the coming years, the market is waiting for a race of technologies. Manufacturers are investing in finding ways to increase hashing speed and reduce power consumption. Mining pools will play an increasing role. The market will also be affected by applications for mining cryptocurrencies on smartphones that require low computing power, such as Dash or Litecoin.
And remember StealthEX supports more than 250 coins and constantly updating the list, so you can easily swap your crypto haul to more popular altcoins. Our service does not require registration and allows you to remain anonymous. Why don’t you check it out? Just go to StealthEX and follow these easy steps:
✔ Choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. For example ETH to BTC.
✔ Press the “Start exchange” button.
✔ Provide the recipient address to which the coins will be transferred.
✔ Move your cryptocurrency for the exchange.
✔ Receive your coins.
Follow us on Medium, Twitter, and Reddit to get StealthEX.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us via [email protected].
The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author. Every investment and trading move involves risk. You should conduct your own research when making a decision.
Original article was posted on https://stealthex.io/blog/2020/07/28/mining-today/
submitted by Stealthex_io to StealthEX [link] [comments]

Can video card sagging causes artifacts?

Its not exacly sagging, im just got an old rx 580 nitro from a friend. It fits (somehow) on my 120 Coolermaster 120 Elite ITX case. This is where the "sagging" comes in, it supposes to be able to fit a 300mm+ vga card but they didnt think of the future trend of -bAcKplAte-. now the card is installed to the motherboard vertically but tilted a bit to the side due to the backplate.
Nows the problem, i'm having artifacts, happens when i try to watch something full screen like Twitch stream or youtube, alt-tabing in and out of game, having amd graphic control software's window open, basicly running any program. i'm suspecting some of the VRAM chips is starting to go bad ? but im been thinking its because of the backplate.
At the time writting this post i'm on break at work right now so i'm just asking you guys for some advices on this, i'm seriously thinking of "baking" my card although its not completely dead yet. Far from it, performance are normal except for the artifacts, games still runs smoothly, clock speed is still optimal, 80+ fps on BF1 (maxed out on 1080p). FYI its an old bitcoin farm VGA. Friend bought it for cheap for budget gaming before giving it to me.
Before this, my friend use this without any artifacts and use a watercolling block for it, 3 days ago he upgraded to a 2070 and gave me this, reassembling it with the stock coller, fan and backplate. So the last thing in my mind that is causing this other than a faulty VRAM chip(s) is the tilted VGA.
tl;dr: friend gave me an old Rx 580 - he used it flawlessly with watercoller before this. Now installed onto a 120 Elite Coolermaster with stock heatsink, fan and backplate. Backplate too large making the card tilt to the side a bit. Card performance is normal but is having artifacts at very specific condition. Cant pin-point what is causing it, tilting or faulty VRAM chip(s).
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DFINITY Research Report

DFINITY Research Report
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador
ABSTRACT
The DFINITY blockchain computer provides a secure, performant and flexible consensus mechanism. At its core, DFINITY contains a decentralized randomness beacon, which acts as a verifiable random function (VRF) that produces a stream of outputs over time. The novel technique behind the beacon relies on the existence of a unique-deterministic, non-interactive, DKG-friendly threshold signatures scheme. The only known examples of such a scheme are pairing-based and derived from BLS.
The DFINITY blockchain is layered on top of the DFINITY beacon and uses the beacon as its source of randomness for leader selection and leader ranking. A “weight” is attributed to a chain based on the ranks of the leaders who propose the blocks in the chain, and that weight is used to select between competing chains. The DFINITY blockchain is layered on top of the DFINITY beacon and uses the beacon as its source of randomness for leader selection and leader ranking blockchain is further hardened by a notarization process which dramatically improves the time to finality and eliminates the nothing-at-stake and selfish mining attacks.
DFINITY consensus algorithm is made to scale through continuous quorum selections driven by the random beacon. In practice, DFINITY achieves block times of a few seconds and transaction finality after only two confirmations. The system gracefully handles temporary losses of network synchrony including network splits, while it is provably secure under synchrony.

1.INTRODUCTION

DFINITY is building a new kind of public decentralized cloud computing resource. The company’s platform uses blockchain technology which is aimed at building a new kind of public decentralized cloud computing resource with unlimited capacity, performance and algorithmic governance shared by the world, with the capability to power autonomous self-updating software systems, enabling organizations to design and deploy custom-tailored cloud computing projects, thereby reducing enterprise IT system costs by 90%.
DFINITY aims to explore new territory and prove that the blockchain opportunity is far broader and deeper than anyone has hitherto realized, unlocking the opportunity with powerful new crypto.
Although a standalone project, DFINITY is not maximalist minded and is a great supporter of Ethereum.
The DFINITY blockchain computer provides a secure, performant and flexible consensus mechanism. At its core, DFINITY contains a decentralized randomness beacon, which acts as a verifiable random function (VRF) that produces a stream of outputs over time. The novel technique behind the beacon relies on the existence of a unique-deterministic, non-interactive, DKG-friendly threshold signatures scheme. The only known examples of such a scheme are pairing-based and derived from BLS.
DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers: notary (provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers), blockchain (builds a blockchain from validated transactions via the Probabilistic Slot Protocol driven by the random beacon), random beacon (provides the source of randomness for all higher layers like smart contract applications), and identity (provides a registry of all clients).
DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers

Figure1: DFINITY’s consensus mechanism layers
1. Identity layer:
Active participants in the DFINITY Network are called clients. Where clients are registered with permanent identities under a pseudonym. Moreover, DFINITY supports open membership by providing a protocol for registering new clients by depositing a stake with an insurance period. This is the responsibility of the first layer.
2. Random Beacon layer:
Provides the source of randomness (VRF) for all higher layers including ap- plications (smart contracts). The random beacon in the second layer is an unbiasable, verifiable random function (VRF) that is produced jointly by registered clients. Each random output of the VRF is unpredictable by anyone until just before it becomes avail- able to everyone. This is a key technology of the DFINITY system, which relies on a threshold signature scheme with the properties of uniqueness and non-interactivity.

https://preview.redd.it/hkcf53ic05e51.jpg?width=441&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=44d45c9602ee630705ce92902b8a8379201d8111
3. Blockchain layer:
The third layer deploys the “probabilistic slot protocol” (PSP). This protocol ranks the clients for each height of the chain, in an order that is derived determin- istically from the unbiased output of the random beacon for that height. A weight is then assigned to block proposals based on the proposer’s rank such that blocks from clients at the top of the list receive a higher weight. Forks are resolved by giving favor to the “heaviest” chain in terms of accumulated block weight — quite sim- ilar to how traditional proof-of-work consensus is based on the highest accumulated amount of work.
The first advantage of the PSP protocol is that the ranking is available instantaneously, which allows for a predictable, constant block time. The second advantage is that there is always a single highest-ranked client, which allows for a homogenous network bandwidth utilization. Instead, a race between clients would favor a usage in bursts.
4. Notarization layer:
Provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers. DFINITY deploys the novel technique of block notarization in its fourth layer to speed up finality. A notarization is a threshold signature under a block created jointly by registered clients. Only notarized blocks can be included in a chain. Of all RSA-based alternatives exist but suffer from an impracticality of setting up the thresh- old keys without a trusted dealer.
DFINITY achieves its high speed and short block times exactly because notarization is not full consensus.
DFINITY does not suffer from selfish mining attack or a problem nothing at stake because the authentication step is impossible for the opponent to build and maintain a series of linked and trusted blocks in secret.
DFINITY’s consensus is designed to operate on a network of millions of clients. To en- able scalability to this extent, the random beacon and notarization protocols are designed such as that they can be safely and efficiently delegated to a committee

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT DFINITY

DFINITY is a blockchain-based cloud-computing project that aims to develop an open, public network, referred to as the “internet computer,” to host the next generation of software and data. and it is a decentralized and non-proprietary network to run the next generation of mega-applications. It dubbed this public network “Cloud 3.0”.
DFINITY is a third generation virtual blockchain network that sets out to function as an “intelligent decentralised cloud,”¹ strongly focused on delivering a viable corporate cloud solution. The DFINITY project is overseen, supported and promoted by DFINITY Stiftung a not-for-profit foundation based in Zug, Switzerland.
DFINITY is a decentralized network design whose protocols generate a reliable “virtual blockchain computer” running on top of a peer-to-peer network upon which software can be installed and can operate in the tamperproof mode of smart contracts.
DFINITY introduces algorithmic governance in the form of a “Blockchain Nervous System” that can protect users from attacks and help restart broken systems, dynamically optimize network security and efficiency, upgrade the protocol and mitigate misuse of the platform, for example by those wishing to run illegal or immoral systems.
DFINITY is an Ethereum-compatible smart contract platform that is implementing some revolutionary ideas to address blockchain performance, scaling, and governance. Whereas
DFINITY could pose a credible threat to Ethereum’s extinction, the project is pursuing a coevolutionary strategy by contributing funding and effort to Ethereum projects and freely offering their technology to Ethereum for adoption. DFINITY has labeled itself Ethereum’s “crazy sister” to express it’s close genetic resemblance to Ethereum, differentiated by its obsession with performance and neuron-inspired governance model.
Dfinity raised $61 million from Andreesen Horowitz and Polychain Capital in a February 2018 funding round. At the time, Dfinity said it wanted to create an “internet computer” to cut the costs of running cloud-based business applications. A further $102 million funding round in August 2018 brought the project’s total funding to $195 million.
In May 2018, Dfinity announced plans to distribute around $35 million worth of Dfinity tokens in an airdrop. It was part of the company’s plan to create a “Cloud 3.0.” Because of regulatory concerns, none of the tokens went to US residents.
DFINITY be broadening and strengthening the EVM ecosystem by giving applications a choice of platforms with different characteristics. However, if DFINITY succeeds in delivering a fully EVM-compatible smart contract platform with higher transaction throughput, faster confirmation times, and governance mechanisms that can resolve public disputes without causing community splits, then it will represent a clearly superior choice for deploying new applications and, as its network effects grow, an attractive place to bring existing ones. Of course the challenge for DFINITY will be to deliver on these promises while meeting the security demands of a public chain with significant value at risk.

1.1.1 DFINITY FUTURE

  • DFINITY aims to explore new blockchain territory related to the original goals of the Ethereum project and is sometimes considered “Ethereum’s crazy sister.”
  • DFINITY is developing blockchain-based infrastructure to support a new style of the internet (akin to Ethereum’s “World Computer”), one in which the internet itself will support software applications and data rather than various cloud hosting providers.
  • The project suggests this reinvented software platform can simplify the development of new software systems, reduce the human capital needed to maintain and secure data, and preserve user data privacy.
  • Dfinity aims to reduce the costs of cloud services by creating a decentralized “internet computer” which may launch in 2020
  • Dfinity claims transactions on its network are finalized in 3–5 seconds, compared to 1 hour for Bitcoin and 10 minutes for Ethereum.

1.1.2 DFINITY’S VISION

DFINITY’s vision is its new internet infrastructure can support a wide variety of end-user and enterprise applications. Social media, messaging, search, storage, and peer-to-peer Internet interactions are all examples of functionalities that DFINITY plans to host atop its public Web 3.0 cloud-like computing resource. In order to provide the transaction and data capacity necessary to support this ambitious vision, DFINITY features a unique consensus model (dubbed Threshold Relay) and algorithmic governance via its Blockchain Nervous System (BNS) — sometimes also referred to as the Network Nervous System or NNS.

1.2 DFINITY COMMUNITY

The DFINITY community brings people and organizations together to learn and collaborate on products that help steward the next-generation of internet software and services. The Internet Computer allows developers to take on the monopolization of the internet, and return the internet back to its free and open roots. We’re committed to connecting those who believe the same through our events, content, and discussions.

https://preview.redd.it/0zv64fzf05e51.png?width=637&format=png&auto=webp&s=e2b17365fae3c679a32431062d8e3c00a57673cf

1.3 DFINITY ROADMAP (TIMELINE) February 15, 2017

February 15, 2017
Ethereum based community seed round raises 4M Swiss francs (CHF)
The DFINITY Stiftung, a not-for-profit foundation entity based in Zug, Switzerland, raised the round. The foundation held $10M of assets as of April 2017.
February 8, 2018
Dfinity announces a $61M fundraising round led by Polychain Capital and Andreessen Horowitz
The round $61M round led by Polychain Capital and Andreessen Horowitz, along with an DFINITY Ecosystem Venture Fund which will be used to support projects developing on the DFINITY platform, and an Ethereum based raise in 2017 brings the total funding for the project over $100 million. This is the first cryptocurrency token that Andressen Horowitz has invested in, led by Chris Dixon.
August 2018
Dfinity raises a $102,000,000 venture round from Multicoin Capital, Village Global, Aspect Ventures, Andreessen Horowitz, Polychain Capital, Scalar Capital, Amino Capital and SV Angel.
January 23, 2020
Dfinity launches an open source platform aimed at the social networking giants

2.DFINITY TECHNOLOGY

Dfinity is building what it calls the internet computer, a decentralized technology spread across a network of independent data centers that allows software to run anywhere on the internet rather than in server farms that are increasingly controlled by large firms, such as Amazon Web Services or Google Cloud. This week Dfinity is releasing its software to third-party developers, who it hopes will start making the internet computer’s killer apps. It is planning a public release later this year.
At its core, the DFINITY consensus mechanism is a variation of the Proof of Stake (PoS) model, but offers an alternative to traditional Proof of Work (PoW) and delegated PoS (dPoS) networks. Threshold Relay intends to strike a balance between inefficiencies of decentralized PoW blockchains (generally characterized by slow block times) and the less robust game theory involved in vote delegation (as seen in dPoS blockchains). In DFINITY, a committee of “miners” is randomly selected to add a new block to the chain. An individual miner’s probability of being elected to the committee proposing and computing the next block (or blocks) is proportional to the number of dfinities the miner has staked on the network. Further, a “weight” is attributed to a DFINITY chain based on the ranks of the miners who propose blocks in the chain, and that weight is used to choose between competing chains (i.e. resolve chain forks).
A decentralized random beacon manages the random selection process of temporary block producers. This beacon is a Variable Random Function (VRF), which is a pseudo-random function that provides publicly verifiable proofs of its outputs’ correctness. A core component of the random beacon is the use of Boneh-Lynn-Shacham (BLS) signatures. By leveraging the BLS signature scheme, the DFINITY protocol ensures no actor in the network can determine the outcome of the next random assignment.
Dfinity is introducing a new standard, which it calls the internet computer protocol (ICP). These new rules let developers move software around the internet as well as data. All software needs computers to run on, but with ICP the computers could be anywhere. Instead of running on a dedicated server in Google Cloud, for example, the software would have no fixed physical address, moving between servers owned by independent data centers around the world. “Conceptually, it’s kind of running everywhere,” says Dfinity engineering manager Stanley Jones.
DFINITY also features a native programming language, called ActorScript (name may be subject to change), and a virtual machine for smart contract creation and execution. The new smart contract language is intended to simplify the management of application state for programmers via an orthogonal persistence environment (which means active programs are
not required to retrieve or save their state). All ActorScript contracts are eventually compiled down to WebAssembly instructions so the DFINITY virtual machine layer can execute the logic of applications running on the network. The advantage of using the WebAssembly standard is that all major browsers support it and a variety of programming languages can compile down to Wasm (not just ActorScript).
Dfinity is moving fast. Recently, Dfinity showed off a TikTok clone called CanCan. In January it demoed a LinkedIn-alike called LinkedUp. Neither app is being made public, but they make a convincing case that apps made for the internet computer can rival the real things.

2.1 DFINITY CORE APPLICATIONS

The DFINITY cloud has two core applications:
  1. Enabling the re-engineering of business: DFINITY ambitiously aims to facilitate the re-engineering of mass-market services (such as Web Search, Ridesharing Services, Messaging Services, Social Media, Supply Chain, etc) into open source businesses that leverage autonomous software and decentralised governance systems to operate and update themselves more efficiently.
  2. Enable the re-engineering of enterprise IT systems to reduce costs: DFINITY seeks to re-engineer enterprise IT systems to take advantage of the unique properties that blockchain computer networks provide.
At present, computation on blockchain-based computer networks is far more expensive than traditional, centralised solutions (Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, etc). Despite increasing computational cost, DFINITY intends to lower net costs “by 90% or more” through reducing the human capital cost associated with sustaining and supporting these services.
Whilst conceptually similar to Ethereum, DFINITY employs original and new cryptography methods and protocols (crypto:3) at the network level, in concert with AI and network-fuelled systemic governance (Blockchain Nervous System — BNS) to facilitate Corporate adoption.
DFINITY recognises that different users value different properties and sees itself as more of a fully compatible extension of the Ethereum ecosystem rather than a competitor of the Ethereum network.
In the future, DFINITY hopes that much of their “new crypto might be used within the Ethereum network and are also working hard on shared technology components.”
As the DFINITY project develops over time, the DFINITY Stiftung foundation intends to steadily increase the BNS’ decision-making responsibilities over time, eventually resulting in the dissolution of its own involvement entirely, once the BNS is sufficiently sophisticated.
DFINITY consensus mechanism is a heavily optimized proof of stake (PoS) model. It places a strong emphasis on transaction finality through implementing a Threshold Relay technique in conjunction with the BLS signature scheme and a notarization method to address many of the problems associated with PoS consensus.

2.2 THRESHOLD RELAY

As a public cloud computing resource, DFINITY targets business applications by substantially reducing cloud computing costs for IT systems. They aim to achieve this with a highly scalable and powerful network with potentially unlimited capacity. The DFINITY platform is chalk full of innovative designs and features like their Blockchain Nervous System (BNS) for algorithmic governance.
One of the primary components of the platform is its novel Threshold Relay Consensus model from which randomness is produced, driving the other systems that the network depends on to operate effectively. The consensus system was first designed for a permissioned participation model but can be paired with any method of Sybil resistance for an open participation model.
“The Threshold Relay is the mechanism by which Dfinity randomly samples replicas into groups, sets the groups (committees) up for threshold operation, chooses the current committee, and relays from one committee to the next is called the threshold relay.”
Threshold Relay consists of four layers (As mentioned previously):
  1. Notary layer, which provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers and eliminates nothing-at-stake and selfish mining attacks, providing Sybil attack resistance.
  2. Blockchain layer that builds a blockchain from validated transactions via the Probabilistic Slot Protocol driven by the random beacon.
  3. Random beacon, which as previously covered, provides the source of randomness for all higher layers like the blockchain layer smart contract applications.
  4. Identity layer that provides a registry of all clients.

2.2.1 HOW DOES THRESHOLD RELAY WORK?

Threshold Relay produces an endogenous random beacon, and each new value defines random group(s) of clients that may independently try and form into a “threshold group”. The composition of each group is entirely random such that they can intersect and clients can be presented in multiple groups. In DFINITY, each group is comprised of 400 members. When a group is defined, the members attempt to set up a BLS threshold signature system using a distributed key generation protocol. If they are successful within some fixed number of blocks, they then register the public key (“identity”) created for their group on the global blockchain using a special transaction, such that it will become part of the set of active groups in a following “epoch”. The network begins at “genesis” with some number of predefined groups, one of which is nominated to create a signature on some default value. Such signatures are random values — if they were not then the group’s signatures on messages would be predictable and the threshold signature system insecure — and each random value produced thus is used to select a random successor group. This next group then signs the previous random value to produce a new random value and select another group, relaying between groups ad infinitum and producing a sequence of random values.
In a cryptographic threshold signature system a group can produce a signature on a message upon the cooperation of some minimum threshold of its members, which is set to 51% in the DFINITY network. To produce the threshold signature, group members sign the message
individually (here the preceding group’s threshold signature) creating individual “signature shares” that are then broadcast to other group members. The group threshold signature can be constructed upon combination of a sufficient threshold of signature shares. So for example, if the group size is 400, if the threshold is set at 201 any client that collects that many shares will be able to construct the group’s signature on the message. Other group members can validate each signature share, and any client using the group’s public key can validate the single group threshold signature produced by combining them. The magic of the BLS scheme is that it is “unique and deterministic” meaning that from whatever subset of group members the required number of signature shares are collected, the single threshold signature created is always the same and only a single correct value is possible.
Consequently, the sequence of random values produced is entirely deterministic and unmanipulable, and signatures generated by relaying between groups produces a Verifiable Random Function, or VRF. Although the sequence of random values is pre-determined given some set of participating groups, each new random value can only be produced upon the minimal agreement of a threshold of the current group. Conversely, in order for relaying to stall because a random number was not produced, the number of correct processes must be below the threshold. Thresholds are configured so that this is extremely unlikely. For example, if the group size is set to 400, and the threshold is 201, 200 or more of the processes must become faulty to prevent production. If there are 10,000 processes in the network, of which 3,000 are faulty, the probability this will occur is less than 10e-17.

2.3 DFINITY TOKEN

The DFINITY blockchain also supports a native token, called dfinities (DFN), which perform multiple roles within the network, including:
  1. Fuel for deploying and running smart contracts.
  2. Security deposits (i.e. staking) that enable participation in the BNS governance system.
  3. Security deposits that allow client software or private DFINITY cloud networks to connect to the public network.
Although dfinities will end up being assigned a value by the market, the DFINITY team does not intend for DFN to act as a currency. Instead, the project has envisioned PHI, a “next-generation” crypto-fiat scheme, to act as a stable medium of exchange within the DFINITY ecosystem.
Neuron operators can earn Dfinities by participating in network-wide votes, which could be concerning protocol upgrades, a new economic policy, etc. DFN rewards for participating in the governance system are proportional to the number of tokens staked inside a neuron.

2.4 SCALABILITY

DFINITY is constantly developing with a structure that separates consensus, validation, and storage into separate layers. The storage layer is divided into multiple strings, each of which is responsible for processing transactions that occur in the fragment state. The verification layer is responsible for combining hashes of all fragments in a Merkle-like structure that results in a global state fractionation that is stored in blocks in the top-level chain.

2.5 DFINITY CONSENSUS ALGORITHM

The single most important aspect of the user experience is certainly the time required before a transaction becomes final. This is not solved by a short block time alone — Dfinity’s team also had to reduce the number of confirmations required to a small constant. DFINITY moreover had to provide a provably secure proof-of-stake algorithm that scales to millions of active participants without compromising any bit on decentralization.
Dfinity soon realized that the key to scalability lay in having an unmanipulable source of randomness available. Hence they built a scalable decentralized random beacon, based on what they call the Threshold Relay technique, right into the foundation of the protocol. This strong foundation drives a scalable and fast consensus layer: On top of the beacon runs a blockchain which utilizes notarization by threshold groups to achieve near-instant finality. Details can be found in the overview paper that we are releasing today.
The roots of the DFINITY consensus mechanism date back to 2014 when thair Chief Scientist, Dominic Williams, started to look for more efficient ways to drive large consensus networks. Since then, much research has gone into the protocol and it took several iterations to reach its current design.
For any practical consensus system the difficulty lies in navigating the tight terrain that one is given between the boundaries imposed by theoretical impossibility-results and practical performance limitations.
The first key milestone was the novel Threshold Relay technique for decentralized, deterministic randomness, which is made possible by certain unique characteristics of the BLS signature system. The next breakthrough was the notarization technique, which allows DFINITY consensus to solve the traditional problems that come with proof-of-stake systems. Getting the security proofs sound was the final step before publication.
DFINITY consensus has made the proper trade-offs between the practical side (realistic threat models and security assumptions) and the theoretical side (provable security). Out came a flexible, tunable algorithm, which we expect will establish itself as the best performing proof-of-stake algorithm. In particular, having the built-in random beacon will prove to be indispensable when building out sharding and scalable validation techniques.

2.6 LINKEDUP

The startup has rather cheekily called this “an open version of LinkedIn,” the Microsoft-owned social network for professionals. Unlike LinkedIn, LinkedUp, which runs on any browser, is not owned or controlled by a corporate entity.
LinkedUp is built on Dfinity’s so-called Internet Computer, its name for the platform it is building to distribute the next generation of software and open internet services.
The software is hosted directly on the internet on a Switzerland-based independent data center, but in the concept of the Internet Computer, it could be hosted at your house or mine. The compute power to run the application LinkedUp, in this case — is coming not from Amazon AWS, Google Cloud or Microsoft Azure, but is instead based on the distributed architecture that Dfinity is building.
Specifically, Dfinity notes that when enterprises and developers run their web apps and enterprise systems on the Internet Computer, the content is decentralized across a minimum of four or a maximum of an unlimited number of nodes in Dfinity’s global network of independent data centers.
Dfinity is an open source for LinkedUp to developers for creating other types of open internet services on the architecture it has built.
“Open Social Network for Professional Profiles” suggests that on Dfinity model one can create “Open WhatsApp”, “Open eBay”, “Open Salesforce” or “Open Facebook”.
The tools include a Canister Software Developer Kit and a simple programming language called Motoko that is optimized for Dfinity’s Internet Computer.
“The Internet Computer is conceived as an alternative to the $3.8 trillion legacy IT stack, and empowers the next generation of developers to build a new breed of tamper-proof enterprise software systems and open internet services. We are democratizing software development,” Williams said. “The Bronze release of the Internet Computer provides developers and enterprises a glimpse into the infinite possibilities of building on the Internet Computer — which also reflects the strength of the Dfinity team we have built so far.”
Dfinity says its “Internet Computer Protocol” allows for a new type of software called autonomous software, which can guarantee permanent APIs that cannot be revoked. When all these open internet services (e.g. open versions of WhatsApp, Facebook, eBay, Salesforce, etc.) are combined with other open software and services it creates “mutual network effects” where everyone benefits.
On 1 November, DFINITY has released 13 new public versions of the SDK, to our second major milestone [at WEF Davos] of demoing a decentralized web app called LinkedUp on the Internet Computer. Subsequent milestones towards the public launch of the Internet Computer will involve:
  1. On boarding a global network of independent data centers.
  2. Fully tested economic system.
  3. Fully tested Network Nervous Systems for configuration and upgrades

2.7 WHAT IS MOTOKO?

Motoko is a new software language being developed by the DFINITY Foundation, with an accompanying SDK, that is designed to help the broadest possible audience of developers create reliable and maintainable websites, enterprise systems and internet services on the Internet Computer with ease. By developing the Motoko language, the DFINITY Foundation will ensure that a language that is highly optimized for the new environment is available. However, the Internet Computer can support any number of different software frameworks, and the DFINITY Foundation is also working on SDKs that support the Rust and C languages. Eventually, it is expected there will be many different SDKs that target the Internet Computer.
Full article
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